Thursday, August 27, 2020
AOL 6.0 is the most up to date form of the AOL programming Essay AOL and service.Weve smoothed out the look, improved our most well known highlights and benefits, and included a variety of other energizing advancements to bring the AOL administration to another degree of usability and regular comfort, and to give current individuals and other online purchasers much more motivations to appreciate the advantages of AOL participation. Similarly as with each new AOL item, individuals input assumed a focal job in the advancement of rendition 6.0, which incorporates their top solicitations and proposals and offers more personalization and included advantages of AOL Anywhere.(SM) New Benefits of AOL Anywhere(SM)AOL 6.0 is another significant advance in our AOL Anywhere (SM) technique of making our individuals lives simpler and increasingly helpful by making AOLs industry-driving brands and highlights accessible to them anyplace, whenever they need from their PCs, the Web, their TVs, their telephones, their pagers, and other individual cell phones. As a component of its new structure, AOL 6.0 highlights another catch on the principle toolbar that legitimately associates individuals to another AOL Anywhere site.This new AOL Anywhere website enlivens the range of AOL highlights and administrations that individuals can access from any place they are, including AOL email, text includes, the My Calendar(SM) administration, portfolios, and other customized news and neighborhood data from either the Web or non-PC devices.AOL is likewise presenting another AOL by Phone voice administration, which lets individuals get to their AOL accounts utilizing their voice from any phone. These administrations will turn out with the AOL 6.0 assistance in the not so distant future. Broadband SupportAOL 6.0 offers broadband help over computerized supporter line (DSL), link and satellite stages and conveys AOL PLUS interactive media substance and highlights like full-movement video and spilling sound to individuals at whatever point they join up with a rapid broadbandconnection. NEW FEATURE HIGHLIGHTS OF AOL 6.0:* Streamlined New Look ; Design: An easier and progressively instinctive toolbar gives quicker access to the most mainstream and oftentimes utilized highlights and AOL content channels. The AOL 6.0 Welcome Screen acquaints new programming with make it progressively close to home and applicable to individuals, and furthermore empowers individuals to tweak up to 10 regions they visit regularly and need directly readily available each time they sign on. * New E-mail Features ; Enhancements: Members can sort their messages and spare them straightforwardly to explicit envelopes in the Filing Cabinet, and view HTML mail. Theres another Auto-Complete capacity for put away email addresses, too an Auto-Unzip highlight to consequently decompress ZIP documents at the hour of download, and that's only the tip of the iceberg. * New Buddy List and Instant Message Features: Members can without much of a stretch arrange and sort out names in the Buddy List highlight , and embed and erase names at explicit focuses inside a list.They can set altered don't upset messages while on the web, and a status window will detail the quantity of texts they got while away/occupied, and the time each message was sent. Individuals can likewise customize texts with new Buddy Icons, and when they type a :) text grin in a text, AOL 6.0 will consequently change over it to a yellow smiley face realistic. * Built-in AOL Media Player: The coordinated AOL Media Player in variant 6.0 empowers individuals to consistently run sound and video content at the snap of a catch without downloading a different application.It plays mainstream gushing and neighborhood sound and video arranges, and will work all through programming on the AOL administration including search and shopping territories, and on destinations over the Web.* New AOL Shopping Assistant (SM) : Assists individuals with their buying choices; as individuals visit well known shopping locales on the web, the AOL Shopping Assistant will show up at the highest point of their program and convey extraordinary logical store and item data while they shop * New Address Book Capabilities: The 6.0 Address Book is simpler to utilize, progressively flexible and increasingly available when individuals need it.Members can get to it when away from their own PC and marked onto AOL 6.0 as a Guest and in any event, when they are disconnected to make augmentations and updates. The Address Book include additionally would now be able to be organized in order and even
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Corporate Accountability - Essay Example This is on the grounds that a very much represented association is envisioned to be successful by partners and accordingly starts more noteworthy venture from them in the business. Frequently an administration structure is utilized by associations for leading their activities. The idea is utilized as a structure of strategies with the goal of ensuring outside stakeholdersÃ¢â¬â¢ interest in the association. Corporate administration is utilized by huge associations for creating an arrangement of parities and checks. It gives the confirmation that overextending of companyÃ¢â¬â¢s assets isn't created by any people or divisions. At the end of the day, corporate administration helps in keeping the two fakes and maltreatment from workers (Vitez, 2010). In this exploration paper, the different elements of corporate administration approach systems will be talked about regarding followed standards in the UK and the US. ... ollow a market-based methodology that gives adaptability to the organizations in sorting out and practicing their duties, while all the while guaranteeing their investors legitimate responsibility. The responsibility is kept up in the UK through Ã¢â¬Å"Combined Code on Corporate GovernanceÃ¢â¬ that takes a shot at the premise of Ã¢â¬Ëcomply or explainÃ¢â¬â¢. This methodology makes the decisions simple that will be introduced case after case. This structure is upheld by speculators, organizations and controllers in the UK and has been received in other money related markets as a model. The methodologies in the UK towards corporate administration give elevated expectations joined generally lower expenses of affiliation. The leading body of the UK corporate administration presents evaluation of position of the organization and gives responsibility to keeping up sound inward control framework. The board is liable for keeping in touch for understanding their interests and assessmen ts (Financial Reporting Council, 2006). The code of the UK corporate administration comprises of five fundamental segments, to be specific, initiative, viability, responsibility, compensation and relations with investors. Concerning administration, organizations are started to be lead by a powerful board comprising of both official just as non-official executives. In agreeing to the code Ã¢â¬ËeffectivenessÃ¢â¬â¢, organizations ought to have a careful equalization of experience, information and abilities. For relating to responsibility, there ought to be legitimate appraisal of the possibilities and position of the organizations. In the event of compensation, the installments of chiefs ought to be adequate enough for drawing in qualified competitors and ultimately, the organizations should bear an exchange with investors based on common comprehension about its targets
Cavendish Publisher Ltd Essay Example Cavendish Publisher Ltd Essay Cavendish Publisher Ltd Essay The old perspective on the appointed authorities job, the alleged revelatory hypothesis of law, was that they were just proclaiming the current law. Master Esher expressed in Willis v Baddeley26: There is nothing of the sort as judge-made law, the adjudicators don't make the law, however they as often as possible need to apply existing law to conditions with regards to which it has not recently been definitively set out that such law is relevant. The cutting edge see is that judges do make law. Ruler Radcliffe stated: there was never a more sterile contention than that upon the inquiry whether an adjudicator makes law. Obviously he does. How might he help it? 27 actually judges are ceaselessly applying the current standards to new certainty circumstances and subsequently making new laws. Law must adjust to changing conditions and Parliament can be slow28. Thusly, from any inconvenience you could generally determine some positive components. The creation of law in chose cases offers open doors for development and lawful turn of events, which couldn't be given by Parliament. The courts can all the more immediately set down new standards, as the appointed authorities every once in a while need to manage instances of early introduction or expand old standards, to meet novel conditions. In the event that another occasion that has not been chosen under the watchful eye of goes to the court (unique point of reference), all things considered, the appointed authority will take a gander at cases which are close on a fundamental level and choose to utilize comparative standards. This thought of making new law by relationship can be found in Hunter v Canary Wharf29. The obstruction with the gathering on Hunters TV due to Canary Wharf Tower having been fabricated was compared to the instance of Bland v Molselely30, in regard to the departure of a view. There has developed throughout the hundreds of years an enormous amount of cases that outline countless the standards of English law. The cases epitomize the law in the kind of detail that couldn't be accomplished in a long code of the Continental sort. In any case, in that lies another shortcoming of case law. Its very mass and multifaceted nature make it progressively hard to track down the law31. Besides, the benefit of assurance is lessened, as there are an excessive number of cases that appear to be truly confounding. Most would agree that legal point of reference includes extensive noteworthiness inside the laws of England, anyway it is critical to see whether the criticalness is supported, and whether it is current position is sufficient. Consistency assumes a focal job in advocating the choices taken specifically case. Some accept that treating two cases similarly can prompt the law being unyielding and inflexible and an absence of opportunity is shaped. This partially is valid yet I feel that in the event that two cases are exceptionally indistinguishable with simply material realities being unique, at that point they ought to be treated similarly. This prompts reasonableness and sureness as referenced beforehand. Nonetheless, there are a great deal of components, which make it hard to accomplish consistency, as articulations of law on a legitimate issue are normally made by more than one adjudicator and a solitary appointed authority make a few stamens of law32. Basically any legitimate framework has official progressive systems of dynamic, where better courts have the force than resolve conflicting proclamations of lower court judges. In this way, there is a level of irregularity where the choices conveyed by various adjudicators on specific purposes of law. In any cases, the guidelines of point of reference don't clarify why judges comply with the principles of point of reference. Neither do they demonstrate the level of consistency that is probably going to be point of reference at any given time33. Overall the points of interest are exceed the disservices and it the best framework we have right now and still remains profoundly critical in English lawful framework. The Practice Direction of 1966 permits the Highest Court in the chain of importance to turn around past choices that assists with guaranteeing that old and out dated guidelines can no longer apply to present day society. Because of the expansion of case law the significance of legal point of reference will increment, as it will cover almost every lawful circumstance. It can't be accomplished by any classified lawful framework. Despite the fact that a piece of British constitution has now been systematized in rules it just brings preferences. It tends to be alluded to and it will be anything but difficult to see when somebody penetrates these rights. Before the Human Rights Act was made, residents had nothing to back them up when they felt their privileges as a resident had been encroached separated from taking the case to the European Court in Strasbourg. Presently, there are a wide range of cases that permit residents to do things they were never beforehand legally permitted to do. The Human Rights law is currently settled in the UK Judicial framework, thus it will be substantially more hard to revoke a dug in Act of Rights when there is a break of fundamental human rights. It will be significant legitimately in the UK courts. Word tally: 3,905 1 Penny Darbyshire, English Legal System, fifth edn, Sweet Maxwell, p. 22 2 Gary Slapper David Kelly, The English Legal System, sixth edn. , Cavendish Publisher Ltd. , pp. 68, 89 3 J. Stone, The Ratio of the Ratio Decidendi, 22 Modern Law Review,1959, pp. 597-8
Friday, August 21, 2020
To Kill A Mocking Bird To Kill A Mockingbird Outsiders, they are a piece of each general public, yet they cause no mischief. Society untouchables don't pick their status, rather society it self picks it for them. An untouchable is generally the sort of individual who is extraordinary, and in light of their peculiarity they are dismissed. Society appears to tend and dispose of them on grounds that they aren't what society characterizes as typical. Individuals threw out are viewed as a risk to the rest of society, since they imperil the, ?commonality,? that society ceaselessly battles to get. Dismissed from society, a portion of these outsiders will; disconnect themselves, detest and torment others, or attempt to be acknowledged in to society by doing whatever important. They are regularly insulted, looked at, set up with, limited, and additionally punished by society for being what their identity is. All they have to endure is their families, safe house, companions, and once in a while the requirement for a sentiment of acknowledgment. I feel, then again, while individuals make a decent attempt to consummate there society, they don't understand their own issues which prompts their destruction at long last. In the novel To Kill A Mockingbird there were a few model individuals dismissed from society somehow. Atticus Finch, one of the primary characters in the story, was a greater amount of an acknowledged untouchable since he was regarded, yet was still not quite the same as the remainder of society. All through the story Atticus was genuinely regarded what's more, even sometimes a crucial piece of society due as far as anyone is concerned, and abilities. He wasn't care for the remainder of society which kept him separate from the inner circle called society. He kept his contemplations and conclusions to himself, did no tattling of others, disapproved of his own business, and regarded everybody as an equivalent to him if not more. I think he was one of the most astute characters in the story as he generally brought everything into its appropriate point of view and went to bat for what he had confidence in. He was to a greater extent a positive power towards society than a negative, all ways helping when required. One of his most regarded characteristics is continually being neighborly and treating individuals similarly in spite of their social or society status. Despite the fact that he wasn't care for every other person he didn't should be, just to be acknowledged rather he minded his own business and conveyed no risk to social orders wanted commonality. At long last the result of his activities were acknowledged by society furthermore, Atticus was turned upward to by a few, yet at the same time disdained by others. Another character was Tom Robinson, a dark man, and the time this story was taking place minorities individuals were victimized on terms of race. Tom Robinson was a lot of one of the out throws of society. He had extraordinary laws and rules to obide by in light of the fact that he wasn't white, or the favored race of the general public. He was diverse as a result of the shade of his skin and that terrified the general public he lived in. He attempted his hardest to be aware and pleasant to the white individuals so as to ideally be acknowledged. This prompted his defeat as he would of, and did, anything so as to be acknowledged. I accept he was savvy not to ignore, yet he ought not have done as such much for others just to have the sentiment of having a place. I accept if Tom would have been increasingly mindful of the positions and circumstances he was placing him self in, in request to be acknowledged, at that point he could have forestalled his difficulty. Boo Radley, one of the more puzzling characters in the story, never showed up in front of society rather segregated, or rather the general public detached, himself in his home with family. Boo was strange, in a hindered structure, his family in all probability decided to keep him segregated from society, so he wouldn't need to manage their cruelty also, unacceptance. I trust Boo was probably the most intelligent character in this novel in spite of his debilitation, in the event that society would not like to acknowledge him, at that point it was their concern. As appeared toward the finish of the story when Boo showed up he didn't do anything, in any case, great to society and just in the event that it was acknowledged sooner he could have been an incredible commitment to society. Boo was a fortunate individual to not have needed to been tormented by society on account of his distortions. Sway Ewell was an uneducated forsaken of society. He did nothing more than a bad memory and was disdained by everybody. He
6 Quick Simple Ways To Irritate Your Blog Visitors Make Money Online Queries? Struggling To Get Traffic To Your Blog? Sign Up On (HBB) Forum Now!6 Quick Simple Ways To Irritate Your Blog VisitorsUpdated On 23/04/2017Author : Praveen SivaramanTopic : BloggingShort URL : http://bit.ly/2ozkUuN CONNECT WITH HBB ON SOCIAL MEDIA Follow @HellBoundBlogWell guys I am sure you must have opened this post after seeing the title as that is bit different, lol. So here I am after a bit of gap in HellBound Bloggers (HBB), one of the best blogging sites in India.I am sure you could have read so many stuffs in famous blogs like HBB, techperk, SML and many more about the ways to keep your visitors stick to the Blog.So now let us try something different i.e. let us try the upside down. I am going to teach some simple but easy ways to irritate your visitors easily. If you want to drive your visitors out of your Blogâs window then do not do all these listed or else try this and get tons and tons of 0 visitor daily, lol.Earlier we shared an article ab out 5 simple things to make your blog Addictive and today we are going to see an upside down article. So let us start the ways now. Below I mentioned 6 quick and simple ways to irritate your blog visitors and also lovable readers!#1 Loading speed of the Blog : This is a simple but powerful way to irritate your visitors easily. Try to dump out so many widgets, plugins and videos on your Blog which will make your Site load really slow. Do not install Wp-Cache or any other cache plugins to make your Site load slower.#2 Advertisements : Hey this is the second thing you must do. Try to put minimum ten advertisements slots in a single page starting from your home page. Also use the blog roll to sell links and use them around your Blog. Try this and see the difference, this will even help you to get visitors in minus.READ10 Basic Steps for a Successful Blog Post#3 Popups : Haan, here is the next best idea. Try to put pop under ads on every single page of your Blog and do not limit the n umber of times the ads are shown to the visitors. Try to give some free e-books or newsletter in the site and make sure that the pop up box is displayed for all the pages all the time. Also put a pop up box and ask them to subscribe whenever the page gets closed. These are simple but powerful tricks, please do not share these with everyone.#4 -Design : Try to change the design each and every week but I would humbly suggest you to change it every night you are back from office/College/School. These types of changing the designs will make the visitors happy and they will visit your Site/Blog daily. Also do not keep any links to other posts in your Blog i.e. try to keep very poor navigation structure around.#5 Publish Old Contents : Try to publish contents or news which came in the year 1995 and brand them as a hot one in your Blog. Hey believe me this will make the users believe that your Blog has more Authority.#6 Add more links : Please try to add hundreds of links inside the post for your other posts. This will make the users really happy and will also make them stay more time in your Blog.
Monday, June 29, 2020
The European and African Narrative Techniques used in Things Fall Apart and Petals of Blood - Literature Essay Samples
The structure of the African novel is seen to be made up from two different frameworks, the external, or international, and the indigenous Ã¢â¬Å"mode of discourse and artistic expression.Ã¢â¬ 1 Therefore, the typical African novel contains elements in its narrative which stem from European colonisers as well as from the customs of other African writers. The African element may even contain certain Arabic influences due to the vicinity of Arab-speaking countries. One may find such characteristics concerning the way the narrative is told to the reader in Chinua Achebes Things Fall Apart and NgÃ ©gÃ © wa Thiongo s Petals of Blood. The main focus of this essay shall be on determining which European or African narrative techniques are made use of in the novels and to analyze how they enhance the manner by which the story is delivered. When looking at Petals of Blood, the reader will initially be struck by how the story is told in flashbacks from the past, rather than in narration f rom the ongoing present. Although nowadays flashbacks are made use of very frequently (it is said that this narrative technique originated in the Arabian Nights stories), making use of flashbacks in Achebes and wa Thiongos books part of the African element. While the story of Ilmorog and its inhabitants is told from a future point of view, the past events develop one after the other chronologically.2 The book starts off with a reference to the present-day Ilmorog, where four people are placed under arrest, and the reader is shown a newspaper excerpt from the Daily Mouthpiece, announcing the death of three important Kenyan men.3 The following chapter takes the reader back twelve years and the development of Ilmorog is gradually shown, while the story of how the four murder suspects met each other, is slowly pieced together. The flashback method is used in order for the first chapter which takes place in the present, to make sense in the readers mind once the novel is finished. Theref ore, the reader is kept in a state of curiosity and ignorance of what is fully going on, until the very end. This enhances the reading experience of the book, which comes to resemble a detective murder mystery. Another possible reason why the author specifically picked the flashback narrative in order to reveal the events which took place throughout the twelve-year gap between the present and Muniras emergence in Ilmorog is that the past would demonstrate what led certain actions to take place.4 Again, this is to facilitate the readers understanding of the ending. The reader is able to link Muniras Ã¢â¬Å"night vigil on the mountainÃ¢â¬ 5 announced on the first page of the novel and also Wanjas cries about a fire6 to the final flashback where Munira heads towards Ilmorog Hill after he sets Wanjas whorehouse on fire7. On the other hand, the use of flashbacks is not as prominent in Chinua Achebes Things Fall Apart; however, one may find important instances of this narrative techniq ue, for example in the first chapter when Okonkwos father is described as a Ã¢â¬Å"failureÃ¢â¬ whose Ã¢â¬Å"wife and children had barely enough to eatÃ¢â¬ 8, and also in chapter nine, when Ezinma directs the medicine man to the Ã¢â¬Å"exact spotÃ¢â¬ where her iyi-uwa is buried.9 In the first flashback mentioned, the reader is allowed a peek inside Okonkwos past so as to understand his persistence to become the epitome of masculinity in Umuofia and the surrounding nine villages. The flashback narrating Ekwefis numerous miscarriages and Ezinmas iyi-uwa gives more light to Okonkwos family history, and enlightens the reader about certain traditions and superstitions in Okonkwos tribe, since this relates to the theme of the friction between African and European religions. Just as in Petals of Blood, the flashback narrative is employed in Achebes novel in order to give the reader necessary information to understand the various characters decisions and performance in the novel. Ano ther aspect associated with African narrative techniques is the way that African writers do not create simply one hero or protagonist throughout the entire book. In both Things Fall Apart and Petals of Blood, one may find that the main hero of both novels is the Ã¢â¬Å"collective entityÃ¢â¬ of both Ilmorog and Umuofia.10 The idea of a collective hero is closely linked to one of the main themes which characterizes both Achebes and wa Thiongos books Ã¢â¬â the idea of struggling against the invading colonizers. It does not fight the closure of a thematic past, which goes against Fanons beliefs of the need to recover their past and debunk the colonial myth that African history and culture is unimportant. The element of the collective hero, however, suggests a continuing struggle and unity in spite of the changing times and conventions.11 NgÃ ©gÃ © endeavored to find a narrative technique which would urge the people to gather together and inspire them to fight for their own right s. This element is also evident in Fanon when he insists that the colonized writer must become Ã¢â¬Å"a galvanizer of peopleÃ¢â¬ rather than letting them slide into passivity.12 Fanon called this kind of narration Ã¢â¬Å"literature of combat,Ã¢â¬ as it inspires awareness at a national level and encourages the struggle for liberty.13 Therefore, the author uses literature as a collective voice belonging to the Africans, in a plea for rights and freedom. In Petals of Blood, one may see the element of the collective hero take place several times. Plot-wise, this can be seen in the journey of the inhabitants of Ilmorog towards Nairobi, in order to ask the MP for help. The people of Ilmorog were of the idea that Ã¢â¬Å"it is [their] turn to make things happen.Ã¢â¬ 14 One may also view the songs sung by the community as another characteristic of the collective narrative technique, as the songs unite the entire village through language. A good example occurs during the festivities f or the ceremony of the circumcision, where Njugana sings a couple of verses, and is answered by a chorus.15 The element of the collective voice is present also in Things Fall Apart; certain critics have also pointed out that the narrator of this novel has Ã¢â¬Å"no persona at all,Ã¢â¬ nor is it given an age, sex, or any other attributes by which it can be described.16 This narrator is often described as a character who exists in events which carry a meaning to the members of a particular settlement, and who also represents these communities preoccupations and ideologies.17 Therefore, the narrator is disembodied because his purpose is to symbolize the whole settlement in general. Like the narrator of Petals of Blood, the narrator in Things Fall Apart is there to give a voice to the people of Umuofia. The unity which binds the community is seen throughout the novel, for instance in the way that the Ã¢â¬Å"ekwe talk[s] to the clanÃ¢â¬ in order to announce Ezeudus death to the en tire village, not just to one specific individual.18 This shows how separate beings contribute in the making of one unit Ã¢â¬â their clan, in this case Umuofia. On the other hand, community events, such as wrestling matches, are accompanied by songs sung by the present crowd, in order to honor the winner.19 This aspect is identical to the songs sung by the people of Ilmorog in Petals of Blood. Both novels include this narrative technique, in which the author is giving the community a shared spirit, since they can unite not only in their celebrations, but also in their struggle for a better life. One further feature worth considering is the use of foreshadowing. Foreshadowing is used in order to develop tension in the novel, as it hints to the reader what events may take place later on in the narration. It also creates coherence throughout the novel. Examples of foreshadowing appear in old texts such as the epic of Gilgamesh and in Sophocless Oedipus the King20, making foreshadowing intrinsically a European narrative technique, unlike the use of the flashback and the collective voice. Foreshadowing may be found in both Petals of Blood and Things Fall Apart and it gives the reader and idea of certain important themes or events going on in the novels. The first epigraph for Part One of Petals of Blood is a biblical quote which speaks of how Ã¢â¬Å"a white horsecame forth conqueringÃ¢â¬ and again of Ã¢â¬Å"a pale horse: and he that sat/ upon him, his name was DeathÃ¢â¬ 21 These quotations from the Book of Revelations foreshadow the destruction which follows the colonization of Kenya by the Europeans, and how the Africans end up being oppressed by their conquerors. One may see the word Death as a metaphoric death of African history and culture, as seen in the episode of Chuis appearance as the headmaster of the school in Siriana. Chui Ã¢â¬Å"did notwant to hear any more nonsense about African teachers, African history, African literature, African this and African that,Ã¢â¬ 22 and his outward appearance is described as Ã¢â¬Å"a black replica of Fraudsham.Ã¢â¬ 23 This biblical imagery evoking the idea of an apocalypse, as well as the idea of a Ã¢â¬Å"worm-eaten flowerÃ¢â¬ 24 suggests an external force draining the life and resources out of Kenya. This metaphor makes more sense to the reader when it becomes clearer that Ilmorog and Kenya are being exploited by the European colonizers and by the Kenyan elite, who seek to please the afore-mentioned conquerors for their own benefit.25 The fact that the colonizers are aiming not to bring the light to th e African nations, but to kill off anything which may help their development, is foreshadowed from the beginning of the novel, and the events of the novel strengthen its resonances. The element of foreshadowing in Things Fall Apart is coincidentally also related to colonialism. Obierka describes the white colonizers as being as white as a Ã¢â¬Å"piece of chalkÃ¢â¬ and that according to hearsay, they Ã¢â¬Å"have no toes.Ã¢â¬ 26 Machi responds by joking that one of these rumored white people is Amadi, a leper. Achebe concludes the chapter with the comment that Ã¢â¬Å"the polite name for leprosy was the white skin.Ã¢â¬ 27 The fact that it is the final sentence for the chapter, leads the reader to wonder whether it holds any deeper meaning, and that it is not just a casual joke or remark. In fact, Richard J. Lane suggests that this may be foreshadowing the invasion and aggression of the colonizers, in quite an intricate manner. Achebe makes it clear that the white chalk is used by guests to draw Ã¢â¬Å"lines on the floorÃ¢â¬ before eating kola nuts. Lane states that the action of marking lines is a symbol of Ã¢â¬Å"boundary-making.Ã¢â¬ 28 This foreshadows the episode of the white man as a guest in the area, and given a reputedly cursed piece of land in the Evil Forest to build their church, outside the limits of their community. As time went by, the guest started to infiltrate the land as the colonizers beliefs and ideologies spread among the Africans29; for example Nwoye forsakes his former life and family to embrace Christianity30. Thus the white colonizer starts to chalk down his own boundaries of his own while conquering more ground. The idea that the white skin is a reminder of leprosy also foreshadows how the colonizers will spread among Umuofia and the neighboring villages like a disease.31 In fact, while Okonkwo was in exile, Obierika brings him the news that Ã¢â¬Å"Abame has been wiped out.Ã¢â¬ 32 The colonizer here is very similar to lepr osy, as the latter obliterates body parts, and the Europeans have annihilated an entire village. One must remember how a village is very much like a body as every individual is required to make the settlement whole, and therefore, Achebes image of the leprosy used to foreshadow the colonizers destruction, is very apt. The fact that foreshadowing, a European narrative technique, is used by both NgÃ ©gÃ © and Achebe specifically to make the reader aware of the devastation brought about by the Europeans themselves, is very ironic and telling in itself. The reason why the authors opted for this method to construct their novel is perhaps to reach out to the international readers, and to show other Europeans what is actually going on in Africa. An important element one must discuss when looking at Petals of Blood and Things Fall Apart is the point of view through which the narration unfolds. NgÃ ©gÃ © decided to tell his story through a multiplicity of viewpoints, where the past of t he four main characters Munira, Karega, Wanja and Abdullah is exhibited to the reader as the narration unravels. While the reader is conveniently placed in one of the characters minds, and therefore allowed to see the world through his or her perspective, the elements which built up this particular protagonist start to emerge and connect with the present, allowing the reader to make sense of the situation. A relevant example can be seen in Wanjas unconscious mumbling in the hospital when saying,Ã¢â¬Å"FireFireMy mothers sistermy dear aunt.Ã¢â¬ 33 At a later stage in the novel, the reader is privileged to learn through her point of view, that Wanjas fear of fire stems from the fact that her aunt, who was a freedom fighter, was killed by a fire.34 Ironically, it is fire which frees Wanja from the immoral constraints of the whorehouse.35 The manner by which NgÃ ©gÃ © executed his novel is very popular in contemporary literature, especially those found in Europe and America, there fore his choice of perspective is another European feature in his novel. On the other hand, while the sense of multiple perspectives is not prevalent in Things Fall Apart, this does not mean that its point of view is not complex enough to analyze. Written with misleadingly simple vocabulary, the narration is mostly channeled through the omniscient third-person narrator, as the teller of the story is aware of everything the characters think and feel. One may note how for instance in the introductory statement, Ã¢â¬Å"Okonkwo was well known throughout the nine villages and even beyondUmuofia to MbainoÃ¢â¬ 36 the main characters description completely lacks any authorial comments. According to Dannenberg this suggests that Achebe is using an omnipresent narrator who is made up of what the local people say about Okonkwo and his achievements.37 When the narrator goes on to describe Okonkwos behavior towards his family, he comments about how he Ã¢â¬Å"ruled his household with a heavy ha ndÃ¢â¬ and how his wives and children Ã¢â¬Å"lived in perpetual fearÃ¢â¬ of his tempestuous personality. Here the narrator is speaking his own voice and that of Okonkwos families, giving the reader two different sides of Okonkwo on which the reader may ponder.38 Therefore, the narrator seems to be giving the reader snippets of what different people are thinking at the time, rather than what the author himself thinks. The reader will be able to construct the characters and the plot solely through what is going on on the novel. The third-person omniscient point of view is one of the most flexible narrative techniques and is widely used in both European and African literature. One may see, therefore, how both Chinua Achebe and NgÃ ©gÃ © wa Thiongo made use of both African and European narrative elements when writing their books. A reason for this may be the fact that the variety of elements contributes towards the universality of the book, as it makes its content familiar with both African and European readers. Therefore, the message of the book is effectively and efficiently delivered to readers from a wider geographical area, as the use of both African and European elements allows more readers to engage the books in a better manner. One may safely assume that the purpose of both books is that people are made aware of the real objectives of the colonizers and what the colonized Africans are going through, and this message must reach not only the African reader but the European as well. ReferencesAchebe, Chinua, Things Fall Apart (London: Penguin Books, 2010)Dannenberg, Hilary, The Many Voices of Things Fall Apart, Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, 11 (2009) Fanon, Frantz, Speech by Frantz Fanon at the Congress of Black African Writers, 1959Wretched of the Earth: Reciprocal Bases of National Culture and the Fight for Freedom (n.d.) [accessed 11 June 2016]Gikandi, Simon, Reading Chinua Achebe: Language Ideology in Fiction (Oxford: James Currey Ltd, 2002)Knight, Elisabeth, Kenya, in European-language Writing in Sub-Saharan Africa, Part 2, ed. by Albert S. GÃ ©rard (Budapest: AkadÃ ©miai KiadÃ ³ 1986), pp. 887-921Lane, Richard J., The Postcolonial Novel (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2006)Lovesey, Oliver, The Postcolonial Intellectual: NgÃ ©gÃ © Wa ThiongÃ¢â¬â¢o in Context (Oxon: Routledge, 2016)Matus, Douglas, What Is the Origin of Foreshadowing? (Demand Media, 2014) [accessed 15 June 2016]Mnthali, Felix, Narrative Design in the Africa n Novel, in An Introduction to the African Prose Narrative, ed. by Lokangaka Losambe (South Africa: Africa World Press, Inc., 2004), pp.29-43 Nicholls, Brendon, NgÃ ©gÃ © wa Thiongo, Gender, and the Ethics of Postcolonial Reading (Oxon: Routledge, 2016) Ogude, James, Ngugis Novels And African History: Narrating the Nation (London: Pluto Press, 1999) wa Thiongo, NgÃ ©gÃ ©, Petals of Blood (London: Penguin Books, 1977)Williams, Patrick, NgÃ ©gÃ © wa Thiongo (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999) 1Felix Mnthali, Narrative Design in the African Novel, in An Introduction to the African Prose Narrative, ed. by Lokangaka Losambe (South Africa: Africa World Press, Inc., 2004), pp.29-43 (p.29). 2Elisabeth Knight, Kenya, in European-language Writing in Sub-Saharan Africa, Part 2, ed. by Albert S. GÃ ©rard (Budapest: AkadÃ ©miai KiadÃ ³ 1986), pp. 887-921 (p.919). 3NgÃ ©gÃ © wa Thiongo, Petals of Blood (London: Penguin Books, 1977), p. 6. 4Patrick Williams, NgÃ ©gÃ © wa Thiongo (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999), p.78. 5wa Thiongo, p.3. 6Ibid., p.4. 7Ibid., p.395. 8Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart (London: Penguin Books, 2010), p.5. 9Ibid., p.78. 10Elisabeth Knight, Kenya, in European-language Writing in Sub-Saharan Africa, Part 2, ed. by Albert S. GÃ ©rard (Budapest: AkadÃ ©miai KiadÃ ³ 1986), pp. 887-921 (p.917). 11Oliver Lovesey, The Postcolonial Intellectual: NgÃ ©gÃ © Wa ThiongÃ¢â¬â¢o in Context (Oxon: Routledge, 2016), p.103. 12Ibid., p.104. 13Frantz Fanon, Speech by Frantz Fanon at the Congress of Black African Writers, 1959Wretched of the Earth: Reciprocal Bases of National Culture and the Fight for Freedom (n.d.) [accessed 11 June 2016]. 14NgÃ ©gÃ © wa Thiongo, Petals of Blood (London: Penguin Books, 1977), p. 138. 15Ibid., p.247. 16Simon Gikandi, Reading Chinua Achebe: Language Ideology in Fiction (Oxford: James Currey Ltd, 2002), p.44. 17Ibid., p.44. 18Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart (London: Penguin Books, 2010), pp. 113-4. 19Ibid., p. 48. 20Douglas Matus, What Is the Origin of Foreshadowing? (Demand Media, 2014) [accessed 15 June 2016]. 21NgÃ ©gÃ © wa Thiongo, Petals of Blood (London: Penguin Books, 1977), p. 1. 22Ibid., p. 206. 23Ibid., p. 205. 24Ibid., p. 26. 25Brendon Nicholls, NgÃ ©gÃ © wa Thiongo, Gender, and the Ethics of Postcolonial Reading (Oxon: Routledge, 2016), p.132. 26Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart (London: Penguin Books, 2010), p.69. 27Ibid., p. 70. 28Richard J. Lane, The Postcolonial Novel (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2006), p.41. 29Ibid., p. 41. 30Achebe, p. 144. 31Richard J. Lane, The Postcolonial Novel (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2006), p.41. 32Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart (London: Penguin Books, 2010), p.69. 33NgÃ ©gÃ © wa Thiongo, Petals of Blood (London: Penguin Books, 1977), p.5. 34Ibid., p. 278. 35James Ogude, Ngugis Novels And African History: Narrating the Nation (London: Pluto Press, 1999), p.122. 36Achebe. p. 3. 37Hilary Dannenberg, The Many Voices of Things Fall Apart, Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, 11 (2009) (p.177). 38Ibid., p. 177.
Monday, May 25, 2020
AssignStudent# 11469947 Name: Neel Nand Subject:ITC595 Assessment#: 1 Student# 11469947 Name: Neel Nand Subject:ITC595 Assessment#: 1 ment 1 ITC595 Information Security Question 1. Reports of computer security failures appear frequently in the daily new. Cite a reported failure that exemplified one (or more) of the principles listed in the chapter: easiest penetration, adequate protection, effectiveness, weakest link. There has been a lot of reports of security breaches in the news, for example the Sony Playstation Network, RSA Lockheed Martin compromise, Hyundai and so on, these have been of recent and these all show how vulnerable we are to security threats out there on the world wide web which has very little to do withÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦| | e | | | | | | | e | r | | | | e | r | | | | | | | a | r | | | e | | | | | e | | | | | | | e | r | a | d | d | e | r | | | | | | | o | r | s | | e | | | | s | e | s | | | | | | e | r | o | f | f | e | r | Posiible Combinations | | | | | | a | r | s | | e | | | | s | e | s | | | | | | e | r | a | d | d | e | r | | | | | | | o | r | n | | e | | | | n | e | n | | | | | | e | r | o | f | f | e | r | | | | | | | a | r | n | | e | | | | n | e | n | | | | | | e | r | a | d | d | e | r | | | | | | | o | r | t | | e | | | | t | e | t | | | | | | e | r | o | f | f | e | r | | | | | | | a | r | t | | e | | | | t | e | t | | | | | | e | r | a | d | d | e | r | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | h | | | a | r | t | | e | | | | t | e | t | | | | h | | e | r | a | d | d | e | r | | | | h | i | | a | r | t | | e | | | i | t | e | t | | | | h | | e | r | a | d | d | e | r | | | | h | n | | a | r | t | | e | | | n | t | e | t | | | | h | | e | r | a | d | d | e | r | | | | h | o | | a | r | t | | e | | | o | t | e | t | | | | h | | e | r | a | d | d | e | r | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | i | | | a | r | t | | e | | | | t | e | t | | | | i | | e | r | a | d | d | e |Show MoreRelatedTrojan Horse and Trojan Virus Essay1261 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTrojan Horse and Trojan Virus. Today people know the Ã¢â¬Å"TrojanÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"MalwareÃ¢â¬ as a computer virus. Trojan horses falsely show themselves as useful and valuable software to download from the Internet. People are fooled by the Trojan because it can describe itself as an application that can be useful on your computer, then people end up downloading them. But before that happens did you know that the Trojan itself is not dangerous at all itÃ¢â¬â¢s just a vessel for the other harmful applications to attachRead MoreBasic Home Computer Network and Computer Network Security Plan1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Generally, computer network security systems and structures considered robust are preceded not by software and hardware but by careful planning. A typical computer network security plan must take into consideration a wide range of security risks and vulnerabilities and from that, develop a road map to reduce such exposure. Given the need to protect the integrity and confidentiality of data as well as other system quality attributes, the need to mitigate exposure cannot be overstatedRead MoreThe Cost Of Computer Crime1661 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTable of Contents Executive summary 2 What is virus/worm? 3 Legal implication 4 What can companies do? 5 What are governments doing? 6 Classic cases 7 Conclusion 8 References 9 Ã¢â¬Æ' Executive summary Data security issues are a serious challenge to everybody who utilizes PCs. The ascent of the PC as a typical business apparatus and the Internet as a typical method for business correspondence and trade have also made a situation those criminals with specialized information can adventure to go afterRead MoreComputer Security Against Viruses and Hacking Essay1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand hacking are all security issues in our computer network. Each of these malwares or programs attaches and spreads in different ways. Through hacking hackers can infect computers with various types or malware and viruses. This paper will explain what viruses are, how it occurs and the types of cybercrimes that can result from it, and how to better protect your computer. Ã¢â¬Å"Security warning! Application cannot be encrypted or Spyware alert! Your computer is infected by spyware. Do you want to activateRead MoreImportance of Security Planning966 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesorganizational network. Many of these threats can come internally from the users of the system. Internal attacks can be intentional, accidental, or simple human error. Some examples of accidental infection can come from a user opening an email containing a virus, installing new software, altering desktop configuration, visiting precarious web sites, leaving the area of their desktop without logging out of their account, or simply losing or leaving their personal wireless device unattended. Organizations shouldRead More Security on the Internet Essay1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinterconnection of computer systems through the internet comes computer crime. Breaking into computer systems, damaging information, and stealing information, more commonly known as hacking, has become extremely common on the internet. As hacking becomes more frequent, and as some would say, more of a problem, should we consider hacking a criminal activity? Information from across the world is stored on computer systems-most of which are connected, networked, to other computer systems through theRead MoreMarketing Assignment 1 Paper646 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesfight would be access by 65% of the 72%. Flash fight reaches your average working, behind the desk individual or student those who spend most of their day at the computer, with many features to accommodate your busy life styles. This online game features 24 access help line for any bugs or glitches experienced in the game. Its automatic virus protection allows individuals to play an infinite number of hours without facing any viral conflicts. Flash can be access on any dev ice as long as the deviceRead More Computer Security Essay3218 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesComputer Security In the last few decades, the world saw a revolution in information and technology, and the main factor of this revolution was the computer. Computers made life easier for millions of people all over the world, especially in the United States, where the latest innovations in the field of computers take place. Information circulates with extreme speed, and a person with a computer and access to the Internet can follow what is happening on Wall Street, even if he is thousandsRead MoreSocial Networing Sites: Befriending Identity Theft1126 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmost common way, that happens more than 28.8% of the time, it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t the only way. Information can be attained through friends /relatives, assessed as part of a transaction, taken by a corrupt employee at any institution used, through mail, computer spyware, virus, hackers, and email, also out of the trash (Katel, Peter). The average American ignores the risks of identity theft. Ignorance is never an excuse when something of such substantial value becomes compromised, nor does it rectify the damagesRead MoreSecurity threats Security threats defined by acts or objects that pose a danger to a systemÃ¢â¬â¢s500 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesDenial of service attack DoS Denial of Service attack occurs when a malicious user attempts to flood a networked computer or device with traffic in order to make the computer or device unavailable, the attack gets its name from its purpose itÃ¢â¬â¢s intended to deny the ability of an institution or company to provide service to its users or customers. (University, 2013) According to the US Computer Emergency Readiness Team the symptoms of DoS are: (McDowell, 2009) Slow network performance Unavailability of